How to install Laravel Application in Docker Container

Step 1: Download Laravel to your local machine

If you don’t have Laravel in your local machine, install it first by cloning it by git command.

git clone laravelapp

Step 2 : Create Docker Compose File

After installing Laravel in your local machine, proceed to your Laravel project directory by typing:

 $  cd laravelapp

You can open you Visual Studio Code so you can see the file structure of Laravel and to observe what is the purpose of the following commands.

To create docker-compose.yml and its related directory files, type the following commands in terminal:

 $  cp .env.example .env 
 $  touch docker-compose.yml  
 $  mkdir .docker

Go to .docker directory and create required files by typing:

 $  cd .docker
$ touch Dockerfile
$ touch vhost.conf

Open Visual Studio Code and go to Laravel app. Navigate to the files you created earlier then copy and paste the following then save.

FROM php:7.4.1-apache 
USER root 
WORKDIR /var/www/html 
RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y \
         libpng-dev \
         zlib1g-dev \
         libxml2-dev \
         libzip-dev \
         libonig-dev \
         zip \
         curl \
         unzip \
     && docker-php-ext-configure gd \
     && docker-php-ext-install -j$(nproc) gd \
     && docker-php-ext-install pdo_mysql \
     && docker-php-ext-install mysqli \
     && docker-php-ext-install zip \
     && docker-php-source delete 

COPY .docker/vhost.conf /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf 

RUN curl -sS | php -- --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer 

RUN chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html \
     && a2enmod rewrite 

The docker-compose.yml should look like the below example. Copy and paste the following then save (CTRL + S):

version: '3.7'
      context: .
      dockerfile: .docker/Dockerfile
    image: 'laravelapp'
      - 8080:80
      - ./:/var/www/html
    image: mysql:5.7
    restart: always
      - "3307:3306"
      MYSQL_DATABASE: 'laraapp_db'
      - ./db:/var/lib/mysql

Under the .docker directory, open vhost.conf and paste the following then save:

 <VirtualHost *:80>
     DocumentRoot /var/www/html/public

     <Directory "/var/www/html">
         AllowOverride all
         Require all granted

     ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
     CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

Step 3: Start Laravel Application with Docker Compose

Now that you saved the changes in the required files, go to your terminal then type:

$ docker-compose up -d

If it results in error, try putting sudo before it:

$ sudo docker-compose up -d

Check it is it running by typing the following. If it doesn’t show, try putting sudo before it.

$ docker ps

Access the hosting machine through the container id i.e. 83ad4ef2b5dc as per the screenshot by typing the following. Try adding sudo if it doesn’t work and make sure to change the container ID.

$ docker exec -it container_id bash

Then type ls -la to check its existing files. install composer by typing the following and wait for it to finish:

# composer install

After the installation, type EXIT. Open your browser then navigate your localhost with port 8080.


If it shows you the Laravel page, you successfully containerized your Laravel app. But if it shows the following error, proceed to next steps.

In your terminal, type the following:

 $   sudo docker-compose down
 $   sudo chmod 666 /var/run/docker.sock 

Then run the laravelapp containers by typing the following without using sudo:

 $  docker-compose up -d

Type again in your browser your localhost with port 8080.


Step 4: Laravel Database Connection in Docker

Now we have to connect the database to our Laravel application. Which is pretty simple though the .env file. Go to Visual Studio Code and change the following according to database we created earlier.

Go to your terminal and type:

$ docker exec -it container_id bash

Then migrate by typing:

# php artisan migrate
# exit

You have now successfully installed Laravel in a docker container.

1 thought on “How to install Laravel Application in Docker Container”

  1. When running composer install, I get an error about an outdated version of PHP. New version of laravel requires 8.1 not 7.4

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *