Quantum technology refers to a wide spectrum of innovative materials, systems, and information technology protocols. It includes applications in secure communications, extremely sensitive measurement techniques, and computing capabilities which significantly exceeding today’s supercomputers. After years of fundamental research, the experts reached the conclusion that quantum technology has the ability to significantly transform our society. No one wants to be left behind when it comes to quantum computing, and this ambition is causing a worldwide arms race.
According to the US National Institute of Standards and Technology, by 2029, quantum computers will be able to overcome current public-key systems, such as 128-bit AES encryption. As a result of this possibility, businesses and governments are striving to strengthen the security of traditional networks.
Last 2020, United Kingdom started the construction of National Quantum Computing Centre (NQCC) that is most likely to open in late 2022 or early 2023. Quantum technology is also being heavily invested in by IT businesses such as Google, IBM, Intel, and Microsoft.
According to reports, quantum computers will disrupt every industry. They will alter the way we do business and the security we have in place to protect data, as well as how we fight disease and invent new materials, as well as how we solve health and climate problems. Futurist Bernard Marr suggests six ways quantum computing will change our world to back up this prediction. They are as follows:
- Online security
- Artificial intelligence
- Drug development
- Improved weather forecasting and climate change predictions
- Traffic control
- Tackling the whole problem
As a result, we can conclude that quantum computers enable us to solve complex problems that are beyond the capabilities of classical computers. We’re entering an entirely new field of physics, and by definition, there will be discoveries, innovations, and solutions we’ve never imagined.